A cannabis concentrate is made by separating and extracting the terpene and cannabinoid-rich trichomes from the cannabis plant to produce a more powerful, concentrated result, usually in the form of a powder, oil, wax or paste, depending on the method of extraction used.

Many concentrates are made using solvents such as isopropanol alcohol, Co2, ethanol or butane to strip the trichome heads from the cannabis plant. The solvent is then evaporated, leaving concentrated cannabinoids, which can be smoked, vaporized, dabbed, ingested in food, placed under the tongue or used topically.  The highest quality concentrates are made from top quality cannabis, and have almost no residual solvent.